Using your entry-level model to work on heavier fabrics like denim, leather, upholstery material, etc. can be a difficult task not only for you but also for your poor sewing machine.
Why Not Settle for a Beginner Sewing Machine?
Generally speaking, a beginner sewing machine is made of plastic gears that are not tested to withstand high tension.
They run on low-to-medium-powered motors that require less power, which means they are not designed to sew through harder materials or multiple layers.
Entry-level models are cheaper and intended for elementary users who are just learning the art.
However, it does not mean that such models are incapable of working on thicker fabrics. They sure can, but are susceptible to vibrations, or even worse, breakdowns if used on a regular basis.
That is when the need to invest in a heavy-duty sewing machine arises.
What is a Heavy-Duty Sewing Machine?
Stronger motors, resilient parts, new technology, and a plethora of features.
A heavy-duty sewing machine is more than just these; it is designed specially to handle thicker materials on larger projects over long terms.
Everything from the needle plate to the base, from the motor winding to the type of the motor, the machine’s outer body material to the type of thread – everything in a heavy-duty sewing machine is designed in such a way that they can come together and help professionals carry out their projects at a faster pace and with less effort.
Do you ever feel like you are overworking your existing sewing machine, especially when you are working on those denim pants?
Maybe it overheats or you smell burned plastic?
The time is about right to own a better machine.
What Features to Look for in a Heavy-Duty Sewing Machine?
While you are shopping, it is important to check off a few important factors that are essential when it comes to heavy-duty sewing machines.
The following is a non-exhaustive list of the top features to look for:
A heavy, rigid machine by a reliable brand means the parts used are of the top quality that can handle larger projects without vibrating or tipping over.
It also means that the motor is heavy-duty which is arguably the only main criteria when it comes to electro-mechanical devices. A strong motor can easily drive the needle through thicker fabrics
- Look for a sewing machine that weighs 10 pounds or above. We recommend going above 20 pounds if you only handle thicker fabrics
- Portability – A heavy machine will obviously affect portability. Therefore, if you tend to be often on the go, you can either settle for a lighter machine or get an ultra-portable sewing machine along with a heavy-duty one
- Metal Body – Look for machines that are strongly built. Parts must be made of stainless steel, brass, or aluminium (all bad conductors of electricity)
This is a factor that most users tend to underestimate.
A professional sewer should have the power to sew anything in a moment’s notice, and for that, a higher sewing speed is paramount
- Anything between 800 and 1300 stitches per minute is awesome
Your needs in 2018 are not going to be the same as they are now in 2017. The fashion industry undergoes rapid changes, and to come up with new designs, you must bank on your machine’s versatility.
- Features like automatic needle threader, automatic tension, stitch options, high sewing speed, drop-in bobbin system, LED-lit work area, embroidery and quilting options are the indispensable
Heavy-duty sewing machines are ridiculously customizable.
So, keep an eye on the complementary attachments like presser feet and buttonholes. Accessories like free arm, wooden base, and travel bag are also important.
- It’s not about how many attachments they come with but how useful and thoughtful they are
Tip – Think about your ideal sewing machine over a few days and write down these points on a piece of paper. Then, compare your points versus the points mentioned above. Finally, have a look at our table of comparison and make the purchase.
Needle and Thread Guide For Heavy Duty Sewing Machines
The ground rule when it comes to choosing the needle and thread is that you replace the needle on the first instance of thread breakage or a skipped stitch.
As long as you follow this rule, you should be all right.
Another wise tip is to use separate needles of each type of garment/fabric for maximum longevity and minimum breakage.
Tip – Needle size is determined by the diameter of the blade and is generally denoted by whole numbers. Example 1: a needle size of 80 means 0.80mm; example 2: a needle size of 80/12 means 0.80mm only (the value 12 is the imperial size).
Needle/Thread for Lightweight Fabrics
- For materials like silk, muslin, jerseys, shirt, and blouse, the needle size should be from 70-80 (9-11)
- Use nylon, cotton, polyester, or cotton-wrapped polyester threads
Needle/Thread for Medium-weight Fabrics
- Needle size 80-90 should do the trick for most types viz., satin, woolens, types of denim, and knits
- Polyester, cotton, or any synthetic thread is recommended
Needle/Thread for Heavyweight Fabrics
- Go above 100 for fabrics like upholstery materials, leathers, vinyl, and canvas
- Heavy-duty threads (carpet threads) are available especially for heavy-duty tasks
The sharpness of the needles should also be taken into consideration. In case of doubts, always refer the manual or the manufacturer website for guidance.
Like we have said before, sewing is an art, and it’s not just about the machine that you use. It is about how you look at it – needles and threads are as important as the power of the machine.